Diplomatic relations between Afghanistan and Italy began at the legation level on the 3rd of June 1921, Rome, headed by Gen. Mohammed Wali Khan. On the 26th of July 1960, the Legation was upgraded to the status of Embassy and the title of Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary was accorded to the first Ambassador H.E. Sardar Azimullah Khan. The first Italian Ambassador appointed in Kabul was H.E. Gaetano Paterno’.

The Embassy building situated in central Rome on Via Nomentana was purchased in 1929. This historical building, being beautified by its “Liberty” architecture, is surrounded by a charming garden with a variety of flowers and fruit trees which were brought from Afghanistan.